Simon's Family History

The Last Will and Testament of

Ambrose Spitty - 1771

In the name of God Amen I Ambrose Spitty of Horndon on the hill in the County of Essex Yeoman being of sound and disposing mind and memory Do make and ordain this my last Will and Testament First I commend my soul to almighty God my creator hoping through his mercy and the merits of my Saviour and Redeemer Jesus Christ to have full remission of all my sins and enjoy eternal life my body I commit to the earth to be decently buried

Also I give and bequeath unto my daughter Susannah Kent wife of John Kent of Horndon aforesaid Yeoman the sum of two hundred pounds of lawful money of Great Britain to be paid to her within twelve months after my decease by my son Ambrose Spitty

Also I give and bequeath unto my daughter Mary Spitty the sum of two hundred pounds of like lawful money to be paid to her by my two sons John Spitty and William Spitty within twelve months after my decease

Also I give and bequeath unto my said son Ambrose Spitty the lease of my lower farm commonly called or known by the name of Wyfields for the remainder of the term of leases that shall be to come and unexpired therein at the time of my decease together with the crops of corn grain grass and hay that shall be standing growing or being thereon due all and singular the stock cattle horses goods chattels utensils and implements in husbandry of and belonging to the said farm subject nevertheless to the payment of the above mentioned legacy or sum of two hundred pounds unto my said daughter Susannah Kent

Also I give and bequeath unto my sons John Spitty and William Spitty the lease of the farm wherein I now dwell commonly called Horndon House and also the lease of the farm called Great Ilford Marshes for the remainder of the respective terms of years that shall be to come and unexpired at the time of my decease together with the crops of corn grain grass and hay that shall be standing growing or being on each of the said last mentioned farms

And also all and singular the stock cattle horses goods chattels utensils and implements in husbandry of and belonging to the said two last mentioned farms to be equally held occupyed and enjoyed by my said two sons John Spitty and William Spitty share and share alike subject to the payment of the above mentioned sum or legacy of two hundred pounds to my said daughter Mary Spitty

And also of the sum of ten pounds per annum unto my loving wife Elizabeth Spitty for and during the term of her natural life it case it shall not be found agreeable for her to live and reside with my said sons but it is my will and desire that my said wife Elizabeth Spitty shall reside with my said sons John Spitty and William Spitty and be maintained by them at their own costs and charges for and during her natural life yet nevertheless if any dispute shall arise and my executors hereinafter named shall think it most convenient for my said wife to live separate and apart from my said sons then I do hereby give and bequeath unto my said wife one bed with the bedstead and furniture of one of the bedrooms such as my said executors or any two of them shall think fit and I do hereby authorize and impower my said executors or the survivor of them or the executors or administrators of such survivors not only to enter into and upon the messuage or tenement wherein I now dwell and to take and deliver the said bed bedstead and furniture unto my said wife but also from time to time and at all times during her life to enter into and upon both or either of the farms above by me bequeathed to my said sons John Spitty and William Spitty and to raise and levy the said annuity or yearly sum of ten pounds per annum and pay for the same to my said wife by even and equal half yearly payments on the feasts of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint Michael the Archangel

Also I give and bequeath unto my son Ambrose Spitty one bed with the bedstead and furniture of one bedroom to be made choice of by him over and above the goods in the said farm called Wyfields

And in case my said sons John Spitty and William Spitty shall disagree before they come to the age of twenty one years I do hereby direct my executors hereafter named to make a partition of the farms and other goods and effects above by me bequeathed to them and in such case it is my will and desire that my son John shall have the farm wherein I now dwell and that my said executors shall divide the stock and other effects between them in such manner as to make the part of my said son William equivalent to the said farm and crop and stock thereon

Also I give and bequeath unto my said son Ambrose Spitty the large silver tankard

Also I give and bequeath unto my said son John Spitty my small silver tankard

and I do hereby direct that all the rest of my plate shall be equally divided between all my children Viz. my said sons Ambrose Spitty John Spitty William Spitty and my daughters Susannah Kent and Mary Spitty share and share alike and from and after payment of my just debts funeral charges the expenses of proving this will and other incidental charges attending the execution thereof

I give and devise and bequeath all the rest and residue and remainder of my ready moneys securities for money debts goods chattells estate and effects whatsoever and wheresoever not herein before disposed of unto my said two sons John Spitty and William Spitty share and share alike

and if either of my said children either sons or daughters should happen to die before they attain their respective ages of twenty one years then the part share or legacy of him her or them so dying shall be paid and divided to and amongst the survivors equally share and share alike both sons and daughters except my said daughter Susannah Kent shall happen to die before she receives her legacy of two hundred pounds in which case it is my will and desire that the same shall be paid to her husband the said John Kent

And lastly I do hereby nominate constitute and appoint my said son Ambrose Spitty the said John Kent and John Filpott of Horndon aforesaid Yeoman executors of this my Will hereby revoking and making void all former and other Wills by me made and I do declare this to be my last Will and Testament.

In witness whereof I the said Ambrose Spitty the testator have to this my last Will and Testament contained in two sheets of paper to each sheet thereof set my hand and to the last my seal dated the eighth day of June in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and sixty nine.
The X mark of Ambrose Spitty

Signed sealed published and declared by the said Ambrose Spitty the testator to be his last Will and Testament the word "William" being first interlined in the first sheet in the presence of us.
Robert Reed, Jno Evans

This Will of Ambrose Spitty late of the Parish of Horndon on the Hill in the County of Essex deceased was proved on the twenty sixth day of April in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and seventy one before the Reverend John Heath Clerk Surrogate by the oaths of Ambrose Spitty son of the said deceased and John Kent two of the executors to whom administration of all and singular the goods and chattels and credits of the said deceased was granted and committed they being first sworn duly to administer power being reserved of making the like grant to John Filpott the other executor named in the said Will when he shall apply for the same.


Wills at the Essex Record Office Chelmsford :-
Ref : 1771 Spitt(e)y, Ambrose, yeo., Horndon-on-the-Hill 351/ER/34

Acknowledgement to the Essex Record Office


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